Dataset

Data from: Vegetation recovery in tidal marshes reveals critical slowing down under increased inundation

Belzen, van, J. (Creator), Koppel, van de, J. (Creator), Kirwan, M. L. (Creator), van der Wal, D. (Creator), Herman, P. M. J. (Creator), Dakos, V. (Creator), Kéfi, S. (Creator), Scheffer, M. (Creator), Guntenspergen, G. R. (Creator), Bouma, T. (Creator), University of Groningen, 9-Jun-2017

Dataset

  • Jim Belzen, van (Creator)
  • Johan Koppel, van de (Creator)
  • Matthew L Kirwan (Creator)
  • Daphne van der Wal (Creator)
  • Peter M.J. Herman (Creator)
  • Vasilis Dakos (Creator)
  • Sonia Kéfi (Creator)
  • Marten Scheffer (Creator)
  • Glenn R Guntenspergen (Creator)
  • Tjeerd Bouma (Creator)
  • Department of Estuarine and Delta Systems, Royal Netherlands Institute for Sea Research (NIOZ) and Utrecht University, PO Box 140, Yerseke NL-4400 AC, The Netherlands.

Description

A declining rate of recovery following disturbance has been proposed as an important early warning for impending tipping points in complex systems. Despite extensive theoretical and laboratory studies, this ‘critical slowing down’ remains largely untested in the complex settings of real-world ecosystems. Here, we provide both observational and experimental support of critical slowing down along natural stress gradients in tidal marsh ecosystems. Time series of aerial images of European marsh development reveal a consistent lengthening of recovery time as inundation stress increases. We corroborate this finding with transplantation experiments in European and North American tidal marshes. In particular, our results emphasize the power of direct observational or experimental measures of recovery over indirect statistical signatures, such as spatial variance or autocorrelation. Our results indicate that the phenomenon of critical slowing down can provide a powerful tool to probe the resilience of natural ecosystems.

The data package contains one dataset:
- Data bundle including code supporting the publication: van Belzen, J., van de Koppel,, J., Kirwan, M.L., van der Wal, D., Herman, P.M.J., Dakos, V., Kefi, S., Scheffer, M., Guntenspergen, G.R., Bouma, T.J. (2017). Vegetation recovery in tidal marshes reveals critical slowing down under increased inundation. Nature Communications
Date made available9-Jun-2017
PublisherUniversity of Groningen
Geographical coveragethe Netherlands, USA
Access to the dataset Open
Contact researchdata@rug.nl

    Keywords on Datasets

  • disturbance, recovery, resilience, tipping points, salt marsh, sequential aerial data, field experiment, Spartina anglica
Related Publications
  1. Vegetation recovery in tidal marshes reveals critical slowing down under increased inundation

    van Belzen, J., van de Koppel, J., Kirwan, M. L., van der Wal, D., Herman, P. M. J., Dakos, V., Kéfi, S., Scheffer, M., Guntenspergen, G. R. & Bouma, T. J., 9-Jun-2017, In : Nature Communications. 8, 7 p., 15811.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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ID: 67094641