Data from: Quantification of population sizes of large herbivores and their long-term functional role in ecosystems using dung fungal spores
Baker, A. G. (Creator), Cornelissen, P. (Creator), Bhagwat, S. A. (Creator), Vera, F. W. M. (Creator), Willis, K. J. (Creator), University of Groningen, 17-May-2016
- Ambroise G. Baker (Creator)
- Perry Cornelissen (Creator)
- Shonil A. Bhagwat (Creator)
- Franciscus Wilhelmus Maria Vera (Creator)
- Katherine J. Willis (Creator)
In this study, we developed further the dung fungal spore method and determined the relationship between spore abundance in sediments (number cm−2 year−1) and herbivore biomass densities (kg ha−1). To establish this relationship, we used the following: (i) the abundance of Sporormiella spp., Sordaria spp. and Podospora spp. spores in modern sediments from ponds and (ii) weekly counts of contemporary wildlife over a period of 5 years from the rewilded site, Oostvaardersplassen, in the Netherlands.
Results from this study demonstrate that there is a highly significant relationship between spore abundance and local biomass densities of herbivores that can be used in the calibration of fossil records. Mammal biomass density (comprising Konik horses, Heck cattle and red deer) predicts in a highly significant way the abundance of all dung fungal spores amalgamated together. This relationship is apparent at a very local scale (<10 m), when the characteristics of the sampled ponds are taken into account (surface area of pond, length of shoreline). In addition, we identify that dung fungal spores are principally transported into ponds by surface run-off from the shores.
These results indicate that this method provides a robust quantitative measure of herbivore population size over time.
The data package contains one dataset:
- Contains all the data used in Baker et al 2016 MEE
|Date made available||17-May-2016|
|Publisher||University of Groningen|
|Geographical coverage||Oostvaardersplassen nature reserve, The Netherlands|
|Access to the dataset||Open|
- ecology, palaeoecology, paleoecology, Konik horses, red deer, greylag goose, Barnacle goose, white-fronted goose, Sordaria, Sporormiella, Podospora, Bos taurus Linnaeus, Equus ferus caballus Linnaeus, Cervus elaphus Linnaeus, Anser anser, Branta leucopsis, Anser albifrons
Keywords on Datasets
Quantification of population sizes of large herbivores and their long-term functional role in ecosystems using dung fungal sporesBaker, A. G., Cornelissen, P., Bhagwat, S. A., Vera, F. M. W. & Willis, K. J., 1-Nov-2016, In : Methods in ecology and evolution. 7, 11, p. 1273-1281 9 p.
Research output: Contribution to journal › Article › Academic › peer-review