Dataset

Data from: Environmental factors influence both abundance and genetic diversity in a widespread bird species

Liu, Y. (Creator), Webber, S. (Creator), Bowgen, K. (Creator), Schmaltz, L. (Creator), Bradley, K. (Creator), Halvarsson, P. (Creator), Abdelgadir, M. (Creator), Griesser, M. (Creator), University of Groningen, 29-Oct-2013

Dataset

  • Yang Liu (Creator)
  • Simone Webber (Creator)
  • Katharine Bowgen (Creator)
  • Lucie Schmaltz (Creator)
  • Katharine Bradley (Creator)
  • Peter Halvarsson (Creator)
  • Mohanad Abdelgadir (Creator)
  • Michael Griesser (Creator)
  • Sun Yat Sen Univ, Sun Yat Sen University, State Key Lab Biocontrol
  • Univ Bern, University of Bern, Inst Evolut & Ecol, Evolutionary Ecol Grp
  • Univ Birmingham, University of Birmingham, Ctr Ornithol
  • Bournemouth Univ, Bournemouth University, Sch Appl Sci
  • Uppsala Univ, Uppsala University, Evolutionary Biol Ctr, Dept Ecol & Evolut, Sect Anim Ecol
  • Swedish Univ Agr Sci, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Dept Ecol

Description

Genetic diversity is one of the key evolutionary variables that correlate with population size, being of critical importance for population viability and the persistence of species. Genetic diversity can also have important ecological consequences within populations, and in turn, ecological factors may drive patterns of genetic diversity. However, the relationship between the genetic diversity of a population and how this interacts with ecological processes has so far only been investigated in a few studies. Here, we investigate the link between ecological factors, local population size, and allelic diversity, using a field study of a common bird species, the house sparrow (Passer domesticus). We studied sparrows outside the breeding season in a confined small valley dominated by dispersed farms and small-scale agriculture in southern France. Population surveys at 36 locations revealed that sparrows were more abundant in locations with high food availability. We then captured and genotyped 891 house sparrows at 10 microsatellite loci from a subset of these locations (N = 12). Population genetic analyses revealed weak genetic structure, where each locality represented a distinct substructure within the study area. We found that food availability was the main factor among others tested to influence the genetic structure between locations. These results suggest that ecological factors can have strong impacts on both population size per se and intrapopulation genetic variation even at a small scale. On a more general level, our data indicate that a patchy environment and low dispersal rate can result in fine-scale patterns of genetic diversity. Given the importance of genetic diversity for population viability, combining ecological and genetic data can help to identify factors limiting population size and determine the conservation potential of populations.

The data package contains one dataset:
- Microsatellites genotypes of 891 individual house sparrows (Passer domesticus) at 10 loci. Details of genotype matrix see ReadMe file.
Date made available29-Oct-2013
PublisherUniversity of Groningen
Geographical coverageBiarritz, France, Lantabat
Access to the dataset Open
Contact researchdata@rug.nl

    Keywords on Datasets

  • Conservation genetics, Passer domesticus, Animals, conservation, molecular ecology, population genetics
Related Publications
  1. Environmental factors influence both abundance and genetic diversity in a widespread bird species

    Liu, Y., Webber, S., Bowgen, K., Schmaltz, L., Bradley, K., Halvarsson, P., Abdelgadir, M. & Griesser, M., Nov-2013, In : Ecology and Evolution. 3, 14, p. 4683-4695 13 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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ID: 67861881