Psychological Resilience and the Rationale of Immunity

Activity: Talk or presentationAcademic

Barbara Gruber - Speaker

    While most scholars in security studies argue that resilience derives from an ecological background, this paper attempts to show how psychological resilience reasoning is prevalent in the governance of contemporary warfare and disaster management. Psychological resilience research took off in the 1970s in relation to children and as I will show operated upon the much older conceptual reasoning of immunization. In the 1990s this research will have an important influence upon the emergence of Positive Psychology. Positive Psychology in turn is influential in policy making, especially in the military, disaster and (other) health related security areas. Immunization thereby works as a training to heighten the tolerance against adversity. This in turn explains not just how resilience works as an internalization but also sheds light on the reason for its emergence in three moves. First, resilience got ‘ent-diversified’ and the resilience best adapted to societal norms was promoted as ‘the resilience’. Second, children supposed to not have resilience, needed to compensate for their lack and were subjected to be exposed to controlled adversity following the paradigm of ‘protection through exposure’. Third, the relational aspect of resilience was reconfigured as an individualized quality to become yet another mode of ‘self-control’. Still, some of its relational capacity escaped the individualization and opens up a route of ‘mutual responsibility’.

    Event (Conference)

    Title12th Pan-European Conference on International Relations
    Web address (URL)
    CountryCzech Republic
    Degree of recognitionInternational event

    ID: 77761792