The research in the Combustion Technology Group addresses issues in the conversion of chemical fuels to useful energy:
- Efficiency of combustion processes and development of new combustion methods.
- Combustion properties of new fuels, both sustainable (biogas, hydrogen) and ‘new fossil’ (such as liquefied natural gas, LNG, as a transportation fuel) to assess their suitability for end-use equipment: efficiency, fitness-for purpose and environmental impact, i.e., to determine “the right fuel for the right job”.
- Combustion synthesis of new materials.
- Formation of pollutant species.
To achieve major improvements in the use of combustion for energy conversion that are required for a sustainable future, such as advances in the efficiency of energy utilization and reduction in pollutant emissions, it is essential to understand the microscopic details of combustion processes. Towards this end, the Group studies elementary physical and chemical processes in high temperature combusting systems employing state-of-the-art, laser-based measurement techniques: laser-induced fluorescence (LIF), spontaneous Raman scattering, coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS), laser-induced incandescence (LII) and various methods for infrared absorption, such as tunable diode laser absorption (TDLAS). Analyses of stationary combustion processes are performed using flames at atmospheric and reduced pressures, while a rapid compression machine (RCM) is used to study transient phenomena such as spontaneous ignition. Together with the theoretical and numerical analysis of combustion processes, the results are translated into terms useful for industrial practice.
The Group works closely with industry and other research institutes, and owes a significant fraction of its basic financing to DNV GL.
|Last modified:||14 December 2016 10.57 a.m.|