Fuel cell systems

Faculteit Science and Engineering
Jaar 2021/22
Vakcode WMEE015-05
Vaknaam Fuel cell systems
Niveau(s) master
Voertaal Engels
Periode semester II a
ECTS 5
Rooster rooster.rug.nl

Uitgebreide vaknaam Fuel cell systems
Leerdoelen In general: the student is able to understand physical and chemical processes taking place in a fuel cell and be able to create conceptual designs of fuel cell systems for different electricity generation applications.

More specifically, at the end of the course, the student is able to:
1. Understand the requirements on fuel cell systems given the current energy situation
2. Describe the physical and chemical processes taking place in different types of fuel cells
3. Calculate fuel cell operational voltage and temperature based on thermodynamics balance laws
4. Appraise PEMFCand SOFC fuel cells regarding construction and suitability
5. Select the balance of fuel cell-plant components for particular applications
6. Select fuel-cell fuel processing given overall system requirements
7. Select/Design the sub-components of a fuel-cell system according to the balance of plant components and fuel processing
8. Design, evaluate and select low temperature fuel cell-based systems (focus on fuel cell system thermodynamics)
9. Design, evaluate and select high temperature fuel cell-based systems (focus on fuel cell system thermodynamics)
Omschrijving Electrochemical power production, open circuit voltage and reversible voltage, the Nernst equation, the effect of pressure and gas concentration, actual fuel cell voltage and efficiency, fuel and oxidant utilization.

Fuel cell irreversibilities, activation losses, tafel equation, fuel crossover and internal currents, ohmic losses, concentration losses, optimum current density.

Different types of fuel cells:

1. Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells (PEMFC): electrolyte materials and structure, electrode materials and structure, gas channels and separator plates, water management, cell cooling and air supply, considerations with regard to system design (fuel and air conditions at cell inlet), construction of stacks.

2. High temperature fuel cells, internal reforming, fuel utilization, bottoming cycles, the use of exergy and pinch technology.

3. Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC): electrolyte materials, electrode materials and structure, cell configuration and design (flat plate and tubular configuration), stack design, internal reforming and prereforming, cell and stack performance, system design options.
- Fuel production processing: desulphurisation, steam reforming, partial oxidation, autothermal reforming, high temperature and low temperature shift, CO removal, combustion of residual fuel, gasification and gas cleaning, heat integration. Electrolysis and reversible/regenerative fuel cells and fuel production, energy storage
- System thermodynamics, exergy losses in fuel cell systems and components, systems for stational power production and transport (land, air and water)
Uren per week
Onderwijsvorm Hoorcollege (LC)
(Lectures (32h), self-study (108h))
Toetsvorm Schriftelijk tentamen (WE)
(Written exam (100%): Multiple choice questions, short answer type questions and numerical problems will be asked))
Vaksoort master
Coördinator Prof. Dr. A. Purushothaman Vellayani
Docent(en) A.G. Amladi, MSc. ,dr. V. Kyriakou ,dr. A. Mani, PhD. ,Prof. Dr. A. Purushothaman Vellayani ,ir. T. Woudstra
Verplichte literatuur
Titel Auteur ISBN Prijs
Fuel Cell Systems Edited by L.J.M.J. Blomen and M.N. Mugerwa, Plenum Press 0-306-44158-6
Electrochemical Reactors Their Science and Technology, Part A. Edited by M.I. Ismail. Elsevier 0-444-87139-X\
Fuel Cell Handbook Department of Energy, EG&G Services Parsons Inc.
Fuel Cell Systems Explained. James Larminie, Andrew Dicks, John Wiley & Sons, LTD, 1999 0-471-49026-1
Course slides
Entreevoorwaarden Maximum capacity: 25 students. Students from the Master Energy and Environmental Sciences respectively Mechanical Engineering, track Process Design for energy systems, have priority.

Prior knowledge: Bachelor in natural sciences or related field.
Preparation for Master's projects in 2nd year.

Second examiner: ir. T.H. Woudstra
Opmerkingen Pass mark: General formula to calculate final grade: final grade is 1 + ((score / maximum score) x 9).
Pass mark > 5.5.
Opgenomen in
Opleiding Jaar Periode Type
MSc Energy and Environmental Sciences  (Electives) 1 semester II a keuze
MSc Mechanical Engineering: Process Design for Energy Systems  (Electives ) 1 semester II a keuzegroep