Chemical Catalysis

Faculteit Science and Engineering
Jaar 2019/20
Vakcode WMCH13010
Vaknaam Chemical Catalysis
Niveau(s) master
Voertaal Engels
Periode semester II a
ECTS 5
Rooster rooster.rug.nl

Uitgebreide vaknaam Chemical Catalysis
Leerdoelen At the end of the course, the student is able to:
1. describe the main classes of homogeneous catalysts and key, industrially relevant transformations
2. select appropriate homogeneous catalysts for a desired chemical transformations
3. explain appropriate mechanistic details for the most important homogeneous catalytic transformation
4. describe the most important methods for the preparation and characterization of heterogeneous catalysts
5. contrast the advantages and disadvantages of using homogeneous versus heterogeneous catalysts
6. Design a synthetic route for the preparation of more complex molecules by homogeneous catalysis
7. identify the rates of chemical reactions based on experimental data and rate determining steps in the catalytic cycle
Omschrijving The main aim of the course is to give insight into the most important types of homogeneous catalytic transformations used both in laboratory as well as industrial scale. After a short introduction into the basic concepts in organometallic chemistry (elementary steps in a catalytic cycle) the key classes of homogeneous catalysts will be presented in detail, for example: hydrogenation, asymmetric hydrogenation and transfer hydrogenation, CO-chemistry, hydrocyanation as well as the most important oxidation reactions. Further attention will be devoted to modern C-C bond forming methods such as the metathesis reaction, CH activation and reductive couplings. The course will also give insight into recent developments in asymmetric catalysis for the preparation of enantiopure chemicals, a concept widely applicable in the pharma-industry.
Catalysis plays a crucial role in developing greener and more sustainable processes, which produce little or no by-products or waste, thus many examples will stress this important aspect. Specific examples from our own laboratories will be highlighted during the course.

The course also provides insight into the main concepts of heterogeneous catalysis. The students will learn about methods of preparation and characterization of heterogeneous catalysis. The most industrially relevant use of these types of catalysts will also be explained and a comparison between homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysis will be provided.
Furthermore, the main principles of chemical kinetics will be presented with special attention to the application in chemical catalysis.
Uren per week
Onderwijsvorm Hoorcollege (LC), Werkcollege (T)
(Work load: selfstudy 104h, lectures 28h, tutorial 8h)
Toetsvorm Schriftelijk tentamen (WE)
(Written exam with open ended questions.)
Vaksoort master
Coördinator dr. J.E.M.N. Klein
Docent(en) dr. P.J. Deuss ,prof. dr. ir. H.J. Heeres ,dr. J.E.M.N. Klein ,prof. dr. P.P. Pescarmona
Verplichte literatuur
Titel Auteur ISBN Prijs
Chapters from:
Homogeneous catalysis - Understanding the art
Piet van Leeuwen
Chapters from: Organotransition Metal Chemistry: From Bonding to Catalysis J. Hartwig 978-1-891389-53-5
Entreevoorwaarden The course unit assumes prior knowledge acquired from Inorganic Chemistry (1st year BSc Chemistry) and (Bio-)Catalysis (3rd year BSc Chemistry).
Opmerkingen
Opgenomen in
Opleiding Jaar Periode Type
MSc Chemistry: Advanced Materials  (Electives) - semester II a keuze
MSc Chemistry: Catalysis and Green Chemistry  ( Core Programme) - semester II a verplicht
MSc Chemistry: Catalysis and Green Chemistry  (Electives) - semester II a keuze
MSc Chemistry: Chemical Biology  (Electives) - semester II a keuze
MSc Chemistry: Science, Business and Policy  (Electives) - semester II a keuze
MSc Courses for Exchange Students: Chemistry - Chemical Engineering - semester II a Chemistry / Chemical Engineering
MSc Nanoscience  (Optional Courses) - semester II a keuze