Evolution and Development

Faculteit Science and Engineering
Jaar 2021/22
Vakcode WBBY037-05
Vaknaam Evolution and Development
Niveau(s) bachelor
Voertaal Engels
Periode semester II a
Rooster rooster.rug.nl

Uitgebreide vaknaam Evolution and Development
Leerdoelen At the end of the course, the student is able to:
1. Describe the developmental process from fertilized egg to late stage embryo in animals including mammals, insects and birds
2. Discuss the relationship between individual-level developmental change and population-level evolutionary change
3. Define and discuss core concepts in evolutionary developmental biology including homology, heterochrony, modularity and robustness
4. Summarize the role of genes of large effect (HOX genes and others) in generating the characteristic body plans of different species
5. Analyse and interpret gene regulatory networks that are important in development
6. Categorize and distinguish between the various types of regulatory genetic element
7. Relate developmental mutations to the origin of phenotypic novelty and major transitions in animal evolution
Omschrijving We often think of evolution as optimizing a phenotype such as beak shape or body size, according to the environment in which an animal lives. However, these characteristics of animal bodies do not derive directly from expression of one or more genes. In all multicellular animals, phenotypes arise through a gradual process of individual development which starts with a single cell.

This course examines the process of development - from single cell to adult - in various vertebrate and invertebrate species. We explore the relationship between individual-level phenotypic change due to development, and population-level change due to evolution by natural selection. We will study how the basic body plan of different species arises through gene regulatory networks operating during early development. We will learn how animal development has itself evolved and how it generates morphological variation that is the raw material for evolution.

Evolutionary developmental biology is a core component of contemporary evolutionary biology and this course is particularly suited to those wishing to specialize in an evolutionary, genetics or ecology-related major. We focus especially on animal species that are used for empirical research at RUG – mammals, birds and insects.
Uren per week
Onderwijsvorm Hoorcollege (LC), Practisch werk (PRC), Werkcollege (T)
(LC-24hrs, T-4hrs, PRC-4 hrs, self-study 32 hrs)
Toetsvorm Meerkeuze toets (MC), Practisch werk (PR), Presentatie (P), Schriftelijk tentamen (WE)
(WE-70%, MC-20%, P-5%, PRC-5%. Students must complete all practical work and complete the final written exam. Students must achieve a grade of over 5.5 in the written exam to pass.)
Vaksoort bachelor
Coördinator M.G. Elliot, PhD.
Docent(en) M.G. Elliot, PhD.
Verplichte literatuur
Titel Auteur ISBN Prijs
From DNA to Diversity, 2nd edition Sean B Carroll, Jennifer K. Grenier and Scott D. Weatherbee 97811 18685 204 €  65,00
Entreevoorwaarden The Evolution and Development course is part of the “Ecology and Evolution” and “Integrative Biology” specializations. As such it builds upon basic foundations of evolutionary biology acquired in the first year of the Biology curriculum. Students should have studied first year courses such as: Genetics, Ecology & Evolution; Evolutionary Ecology; Biochemistry and Cell Biology in Ecology and Evolution.

Students from other degree programmes than Biology and/or Life Science & Technology who would like to participate in this course unit are obliged to contact one of the academic advisors of the BSc. Biology before enrolling in this course in order to check whether they have meet de entrance requirements. After this contact, students also have to request admission from the Board of Examiners Biology/Life Science & Technology. Failing to follow this entire procedure before the official enrollment deadline, results in immediate unenrollment without prior notification.

Students from the Bachelor's degree programmes Biology and Life Science & Technology take priority over students from other degree programmes when the course has a maximum capacity.
Opmerkingen Flip the classroom and practical session/tutorials are mandatory. Those missing a session will have to repeat it (there will be two opportunities for each session). Those failing to repeat the session will fail the course.
Opgenomen in
Opleiding Jaar Periode Type
BSc Biology: major Behaviour and Neurosciences 2 semester II a keuze
BSc Biology: major Ecology and Evolution 2 semester II a keuze
BSc Biology: major Integrative Biology 2 semester II a verplicht