Epigenetics and Gene-editing

Faculteit Science and Engineering
Jaar 2020/21
Vakcode WBBY036-05
Vaknaam Epigenetics and Gene-editing
Niveau(s) bachelor
Voertaal Engels
Periode semester II a
ECTS 5
Rooster rooster.rug.nl

Uitgebreide vaknaam Epigenetics and Gene-editing
Leerdoelen At the end of the course, the student is able to:
1. describe epigenetic principles underlying gene expression regulation, based on Alberts et al
2. describe epigenetic inheritance underlying cell type identity, based on Alberts et al
3. describe differentiation principles, in particular neuronal development, based on Alberts et al
4. apply dedifferentiation principles, including iPS technologies, to possible clinical applications
5. apply genetic and epigenetic editing principles, including CRISPR/Cas platforms, to possible clinical applications
Omschrijving Based in part on developments in genomics, both Epigenetics and Gene Editing are rapidly entering the clinical arena. This course will guide the student from understanding basic principles in epigenetics and gene expression regulation, cellular differentiation and dedifferentiation to clinical applications of epigenetic drugs, induced pluripotent stem cells and cellular reprogramming by (CRISPR/Cas-based) gene targeting approaches.

From one DNA molecule to numerous cell types: molecular epigenetics
Although cells in individual organisms contain the same DNA, different gene expression programs underlie the many different cell identities. Molecular epigenetics marks and mechanisms associated with this process of gene expression control and epigenetic memory will be discussed, as well as opportunities of epigenetics in disease diagnosis and treatment.

From one fertilized egg to a complete organism: the example of neurons
All organisms arise from one single fertilized egg. This process of differentiation and memory will be explained with a special focus on neuronal differentiation. External stimuli interfering with embryonal development will be discussed as well as examples of (neurodegenerative) diseases associated with epigenetic dysregulation.

From one differentiated cell to any other cell type: cellular reprogramming
Only three factors are required to dedifferentiate cells to “induced Pluripotent Stem Cells” (iPSCs). From this pluripotent state, cells can be reprogrammed into another cell type. This process and the clinical applications will be discussed.

From a diseased cell state to a healthy cell status: gene targeting to correct or compensate for genetic or epigenetic mutations
In 2012, CRISPR/Cas was introduced as a precise tool to engineer genomes and epigenomes.
This technology has revolutionized biomedical research and approaches ranging from engineered cells and transgenic animals to therapeutic possibilities will be presented.
Uren per week
Onderwijsvorm Hoorcollege (LC)
(Traditional lectures 36 hrs, Self study 104 hrs)
Toetsvorm Meerkeuze toets (MC)
(60 MC questions x 4 possible answers => minus 25% chance 50% correct=> 38/60 questions correct =5.5=6)
Vaksoort bachelor
Coördinator prof. dr. M.G. Rots
Docent(en) dr. S.W.M. Bruggeman , M.G. Elliot, PhD. ,prof. dr. ir. F. Foijer ,dr. M.N. Hylkema ,dr. I.H. Jonkers ,prof. dr. J.D.A. Olivier ,prof. dr. M.G. Rots ,dr. G.B.A. Schuurs-Wisman
Verplichte literatuur
Titel Auteur ISBN Prijs
Molecular Biology
of the Cell (6th 2014)
Alberts et al 97808 15344 643 €  90,00
Entreevoorwaarden Students who have followed the course "Medical Biology & Molecular Biology" (WLB07018) are not allowed to follow the course "Epigenetics & Gene-editing" (WBBY036-05)

The course units assumes prior knowlegde
and skills, acquired from the following other course units: Basic Cell & Molecular Biology, Cell Biology & Immunology, Molecular Genetics

PLEASE NOTE
Biology and Life Science & Technology (old curriculum) course units are only accessible for students of those degree programmes. Students from other degree programmes who would like to participate in Biology course units are obliged to contact one of the academic advisors before registration. After this contact, students have to request admission from the Board of Examiners Biology/Life Science & Technology. Failing to follow this procedure results in immediate unenrollment without prior notification.
Opmerkingen The course unit prepares for and provides skills usable in the course unit(s) or degree programme(s): prepares for Master BioMedical Sciences

Dit vak had vorig jaar vakcode WBLS19022
Opgenomen in
Opleiding Jaar Periode Type
BSc Biology: major Behaviour and Neurosciences 2 semester II a keuze
BSc Biology: major Biomedical Sciences 2 semester II a keuze
BSc Biology: major Integrative Biology  (Option A: students who follow Res. Project 1 within the majors BMS, MLS, or BN) 3 semester II a keuze
BSc LS&T: major Behaviour and Neurosciences (cohort 2018 and 2019) 2 semester II a keuze
BSc LS&T: major Biomedical Sciences (cohort 2018 and 2019) 2 semester II a keuze