Theory of Science

Faculteit Gedrags- en MaatschappijWetenschappen
Jaar 2022/23
Vakcode PSBE2-05
Vaknaam Theory of Science
Niveau(s) bachelor
Voertaal Engels
Periode semester II b
ECTS 5
Rooster rooster.rug.nl

Uitgebreide vaknaam Theory of Science
Leerdoelen After this course students can:
- describe classical views on what science is and how it develops,
- distinguish and discuss the three basic views on facts and reality in science and beyond (realism, constructivism, and pragmatism),
- analyze how science and society influence each other, discussing recent examples such as the health/enhancement and gender debates,
- describe and reflect on the neuroscience turn in psychology,
- distinguish and apply basic ways of understanding classification in the social sciences and its consequences, especially with respect to mental disorders.
Omschrijving According to early twentieth-century philosophers, science represents objectively observable facts and airtight assumptions about those facts. This has raised the question under which conditions, if any, observations and facts can be "objective". Recent discussions concerning fraud, replication, and competitive pressure have emphasized the human factor in science.

The endeavor to draw a line between science and pseudo-science and to understand how scientific communities are functioning psychologically (i.e. the sociology and psychology of science) is continuing well into the 21st century. Such questions become relevant in important political and social debates about climate change, the status of religion, or human's free will and responsibility.

After introducing the course and important historical positions on the theory of science, we will continue with a critical analysis and discussion of recent challenges for science and society, applying the theoretical-analytical method to real, recent, and socially relevant examples:

How does the neuroscience turn influence psychology and what does that mean for people and patients? What is health and what is the background of attempts to make humans better than healthy? What kind of things are mental disorders? What are recent trends in understanding gender? And, generally speaking, how do scientific definitions and classifications affect not only the work of scientists, but also the lives of everyone in society?
Uren per week 2
Onderwijsvorm hoorcollege
Toetsvorm schriftelijk tentamen (meerkeuze) DIGITAAL
Vaksoort bachelor
Coördinator Dr. S. Schleim, MA.
Docent(en) Dr. S. Schleim, MA.
Verplichte literatuur
Titel Auteur ISBN Prijs
The literature for this course will be available online. You need not buy anything.
Entreevoorwaarden
Opmerkingen
Opgenomen in
Opleiding Jaar Periode Type
Ba psychologie (EN)  (Ba2 (EN) psychologie) 2 semester II b verplicht
Course units for exchange students BSc level - Spring semester (Feb-Jun) - semester II b keuze PS