Photovoltaics Science and Energy

Faculteit Science and Engineering
Jaar 2019/20
Vakcode WMCH17007
Vaknaam Photovoltaics Science and Energy
Niveau(s) master
Voertaal Engels
Periode semester I b

Uitgebreide vaknaam Photovoltaics Science and Energy
Leerdoelen At the end of the course the student is able to:
1) Put the need for and use of PV into the broader context of energy sources;
2) Explain the difference direct/indirect band gap and how this relates to absorption; basics processes in inorganic
3) Use semiconductor physics to calculate and explain the properties of p/n junctions
4) Describe the most important types of inorganic solar cells and how they operate; in detail: p/n junction (Si), how to
make Si solar cells, other types in less detail
5) Explain fundamental and practical limits to PV efficiencies in terms of thermodynamics, optics, & PV physics, and
describe how third generation solar cell concepts are meant to overcome these limits
6) Identify the difference between organic and inorganic PV materials and describe the workings of organic solar cells and
discuss various types of production technology
7) Explain how PV cells can be used to form modules and systems, including a discussion on how this affects financial and
energetic costs (e.g. EPBT, LCA)
8) Discuss the chemistry and synthesis of PV materials in general, and the purification of silicon (in its different forms:
crystalline, multi-crystalline and amorphous) in detail.
9) Discuss scenarios and underlying factors concerning the opportunities and limitations of PV in the (future) landscape of energy use and supply.
Omschrijving In this first MSc course on photovoltaics within the university of Groningen, many aspects of solar cells will be dealt with. First, a broad introduction is provided regarding energy, energy scenarios, the possible role of solar energy and photovoltaic (PV) solar cells. We continue with the fundamental physics of solar cells and materials. In the second half of the course, we discuss PV systems as well as advanced technologies and third generation PV concepts There will be special emphasis on molecular (organic, plastic) PV in relation to the ongoing research on this topic within the University of Groningen. One third of the course comprises writing a report and presenting a poster at a plenary poster session about a specific subject in the realm of opportunities and limitations of PV in the (future) landscape of energy use and supply.
Uren per week
Onderwijsvorm Hoorcollege (LC), Opdracht (ASM), Werkcollege (T)
Toetsvorm Presentatie (P), Schriftelijk tentamen (WE), Verslag (R)
Vaksoort master
Coördinator prof. dr. J.C. Hummelen
Docent(en) prof. dr. J.C. Hummelen ,prof. dr. L.J.A. Koster
Verplichte literatuur
Titel Auteur ISBN Prijs
Applied Photovoltaics, chapter 5
Martin Green
Third-generation photovoltaics
Gavin Conibeer
The Physics of solar cells, chapter 10 (part)
Jenny Nelson
Solar cell materials
The Physics of Solar Cells, chapters 7 and 8
Jenny Nelson
Entreevoorwaarden Guest lecturer: dr S Veenstra (ECN)

The course unit assumes prior physics knowledge acquired from 'Structure of Matter 2' (BSc Physics) or 'Solid State Physics 1(C)'(BSc Physics) or 'Physical Properties of Materials I' (BSc Chemistry). The chemistry part of the course assumes prior knowledge from 'Molecules: structure, reactivity and function' (BSc Chemistry & Chemical Engineering).
Or other comparable bachelor courses from other BSc degree programmes.

This course is not open to students who already passed the Solar Cells (CHPHV-08) course.

All material used in the course is available on Nestor. For each item, it is indicated precisely to which extent the student has to learn this specific material.
Opmerkingen Pass mark:
The minimum average grade of 2 written exams (WE1, WE2, each with min. grade 4,50) is 5,50. The final grade: WE1 and WE2, 1 written report (WR) and a presentation & poster (PP). Formula = (2*WE1 +2*W2+WR+PP)/6. The lecturers will round the final grade to 0,5 point precision, except the grade 5,5 (not given). The ECTS for the course are only given after the final grade is sufficient (minimum = 6)

The poster presentation session is mandatory. Consequence for missing: no points for the poster part of the course (1/6 of the max grade points)
Opgenomen in
Opleiding Jaar Periode Type
MSc Chemical Engineering  (Electives Courses Chemical Engineering) - semester I b keuze
MSc Chemistry: Advanced Materials  (Electives) - semester I b keuze
MSc Chemistry: Catalysis and Green Chemistry  (Electives) - semester I b keuze
MSc Chemistry: Chemical Biology  (Electives) - semester I b keuze
MSc Chemistry: Science, Business and Policy  (Electives) - semester I b keuze
MSc Courses for Exchange Students: Chemistry - Chemical Engineering - semester I b Chemistry
MSc Energy and Environmental Sciences  (Electives) 1 semester I b keuze