Physical Properties of Materials 1

Faculteit Science and Engineering
Jaar 2019/20
Vakcode CHEVM1-11
Vaknaam Physical Properties of Materials 1
Niveau(s) bachelor
Voertaal Engels
Periode semester I a
ECTS 5
Rooster rooster.rug.nl

Uitgebreide vaknaam Physical Properties of Materials 1
Leerdoelen At the end of the course, the student is able to:
1. link specific compounds or materials to functional behavior that is relevant for different devices.
2. tell the differences between insulators, conductors and semiconductors and their different behavior under electric fields, temperature and pressure/stress.
3. discuss about thermal and elastic properties of materials, as well as about their electrical conductivities by relating them to the type of chemical bonding and/or other microscopic mechanisms (e.g. presence of disorder, dislocations, cracks, etc).
4. identify what are the important parameters that play a role in the different responses in the different materials and how strong those parameters affect the properties (e.g. distinguish between the effects of temperature in conductors and semiconductors, where the properties depend exponentially with temperature). This is linked with objective 2.
5. produce the right order of magnitude of the different responses of the studied materials and with the right physical units.
6. recognize which compounds and which atomic and molecular arrangements are most adequate to achieve a particular behavior. In the reverse, the student should be able to assess which behavior or response under a particular stimulus is expected from a particular compound in basis of its chemical bonding and microstructure.
Omschrijving This course is an introduction to the behavior and functionality of materials through the understanding of the physical properties that are relevant for the use of materials in applications, such as transistors, diodes, solar cells, hard-disks, memories, etc. The lectures build from the concepts of chemical bond and the different types of bonding up to the different properties associated with the physical responses of materials upon external stimuli. In particular, in this course we focus of the responses of different materials to electric fields, temperature and stress/pressure.

All through the course the basic concepts are accompanied by exercises and they are put in context by showing examples of applications that derive from that particular property.

The following topics will be discussed (the first two are reviewed showing the overlap and connections with the content the students learned in the Inorganic Chemistry course-1 year):
– Covalent, ionic and metallic bonding
– Crystal structures
– Transport properties of solids; conductivity in metals.
– Thermal properties of materials. Heat transport in solids.
– Semiconductor materials and semiconductor devices.
– Dielectric properties of materials.
– Mechanical properties of materials
– Technological importance of the above topics.
Uren per week
Onderwijsvorm Hoorcollege (LC), Opdracht (ASM), Werkcollege (T)
(Total hours of lectures: 15 hours, tutorials: 13 hours, assignment 12, self study: 100 hours)
Toetsvorm Meerkeuze toets (MC), Opdracht (AST), Schriftelijk tentamen (WE)
Vaksoort bachelor
Co├Ârdinator Prof. Dr. B. Noheda
Docent(en) Dr. G.R. Blake ,Prof. Dr. B. Noheda
Verplichte literatuur
Titel Auteur ISBN Prijs
The Physics of Solids, (Ed. 2000, Oxford University Press), All students are expected to have the book before the first lecture.
Richard Turton 0198503520
Entreevoorwaarden The course unit assumes prior knowledge acquired from Inorganic Chemistry in the IIb block of the first year Chemistry.
Opmerkingen The grade will be formed by means of both a written exam and assignments. The written exam can provide a maximum of 86 points; the assignments can add a maximum of 14 points. The final grade is given by : 1/10 (point exercises exam+ points questions exam+ points assignments). A final 6 is needed to pass the course. Grades ranging from 5.5-5.9 will be rounded off to 6.

This course gives a good preamble for what the track Smart Materials can offer to the students: links between the physical and chemical properties of materials, knowledge of the main atomistic and molecular mechanisms responsible for the functionality of materials, the chemical behaviour requested for obtaining a particular physical response. In short, the knowledge needed for designing functional materials.
Opgenomen in
Opleiding Jaar Periode Type
BSc Chemical Engineering 3 semester I a keuze
BSc Chemistry  ( Core programme) 2 semester I a verplicht
BSc Courses for Exchange Students: Chemistry - Chemical Engineering - semester I a Chemistry / Chemical Engineering
BSc Industrial Engineering and Management  (Optional Modules PPT) - semester I a keuze