Quantum Experiments

Faculteit Science and Engineering
Jaar 2020/21
Vakcode WMPH017-05
Vaknaam Quantum Experiments
Niveau(s) master
Voertaal Engels
Periode semester I b
ECTS 5
Rooster rooster.rug.nl

Uitgebreide vaknaam Quantum Experiments
Leerdoelen At the end of the course, the student is able to:
1. identify where quantum mechanical description of experiments is required. Clarify the role of QM in an experiment;
2. describe atom-light interactions in quantum mechanical terms (Rabi frequency, transition moments, coherent state transfer, atomic degrees of freedom);
3. discuss collective behaviour of quantum gases (Bose-Einstein and Fermi gases) and provide interpretation of observations;
4. formulate and design approach which exploits quantum nature in an experimental strategy. Assess the advantages of such an approach;
5. analyze original literature and select relevant statements from these papers.
Omschrijving Modern description of experiments in the language of quantum mechanics is the basis of understanding of state-of-the-art precision experiments. We identify the crucial parts of experiments in order to exploit the capacity of the experiments. The course focusses on interaction of light with atoms and molecules.
The students learn the quantum description of the interaction. In particular, atom-light interaction leading to laser cooling and trapping is studied in the first part. The understanding of this technique has revolutionized modern atomic physics. The underlying principles the limits of this new technique are investigated. This does not only allow for the creation of quantum fluids (Bose-Einstein Condensation and degenerate Fermi gases) but provides the basis for the description of quantum state manipulations.

In the second part of the lecture the acquired knowledge is used to discuss atom interferometry and its applications (e.g. measurements of fundamental constants, gravitometry), trapping of atoms and ions (e.q. mass measurements, g-factors, quantum computing) and experiments reaching beyond the electromagnetic interaction such as searches for permanent electric dipole moments of fundamental particles (EDMs) or measurements of the weak interaction in atomic systems. These topics are discussed on the basis of seminal papers in the field.
Uren per week
Onderwijsvorm Hoorcollege (LC), Opdracht (ASM), Practisch werk (PRC)
Toetsvorm Mondeling tentamen (OR), Opdracht (AST)
(The student has to pass the oral exam (>5.5) and has participated in the lecture actively.)
Vaksoort master
Coördinator dr. L. Willmann
Docent(en) dr. L. Willmann
Verplichte literatuur
Titel Auteur ISBN Prijs
Laser Cooling and Trapping H. Metcalf and P. v.d. Straten 978-0387987286
Atomic Physics (optional) C. Foot 978-0198506966
Entreevoorwaarden
Opmerkingen This course was registered last year with course code WMPH19003
Opgenomen in
Opleiding Jaar Periode Type
MSc Courses for Exchange Students: Astronomy - Physics - Energy & Environment - semester I b
MSc Mathematics and Physics (double degree)  (Optional Courses Quantum Universe (10 ects)) - semester I b keuze
MSc Physics: Quantum Universe  ( Keuzevakken in Experimental Physics) - semester I b keuze: EP
MSc Physics: Science, Business and Policy  (Keuzevakken in Quantum Universe) 1 semester I b keuze: QU