Physical and Chemical Kinetics
Faculteit  Science and Engineering 
Jaar  2019/20 
Vakcode  WBPH13001 
Vaknaam  Physical and Chemical Kinetics 
Niveau(s)  bachelor 
Voertaal  Engels 
Periode  semester I a 
ECTS  5 
Rooster  rooster.rug.nl 
Uitgebreide vaknaam  Physical and Chemical Kinetics  
Leerdoelen  The main objective of this course is to present the complex phenomena taking place in fluids and plasma’s using the uniform approach based on describing the evolution of the distribution function. The main attention will be spent to clarify the link between elementary processes and macroscopical properties of the substance. The taught subjects will be illustrated by the examples taken from current experimental and theoretical research topics in nanoscience, plasma physics, fluid dynamics and combustion. Learning goals: Upon successful completion of this course the student should be able to : • calculate cross sections of elastic collisions for different potentials of interaction between particles. • describe the evolution of a physical/chemical system in time due to collisional processes. • explain the relaxation processes and estimate the rate of approach of a system to the equilibrium. • identify and explain relations between molecular transport processes and bulk fluid properties such as viscosity, heat conductivity and diffusion coefficients. • identify the simplifications done in the models commonly used in the physical and chemical kinetics. • make estimations of characteristic times of collisional processes with one order accuracy using the simplified models, similarity principles and dimensional analysis. 

Omschrijving  1. Motion and collisions of particles. Forces and potentials. Scattering cross sections. Elastic scattering of hard spheres. Quantum mechanical description of scattering. 2. The kinetic theory of gases. Distribution function. The evolution of distribution function in time. Collisional frequency for hardsphere molecules. Molecular fluxes. Transport properties. Energy exchange processes. Sound propagation and absorption. 3. Transport phenomena in dense fluids. Brownian motion. Autocorrelation functions and transport coefficients. 4. General aspects of chemical kinetics. Firstorder and secondorder reactions. Reactive cross sections and rate coefficients in hardsphere approximation. Activation complex theory. 5. Mechanisms of chemical reactions. Kinetics of photochemical reactions. Chain reactions. Fluctuations in chemical reactions. 

Uren per week  
Onderwijsvorm  Hoorcollege (LC), Werkcollege (T)  
Toetsvorm  Schriftelijk tentamen (WE)  
Vaksoort  bachelor  
Coördinator  dr. A.V. Mokhov  
Docent(en)  dr. A.V. Mokhov  
Verplichte literatuur 


Entreevoorwaarden  
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