## Thermal Physics

 Faculteit Science and Engineering Jaar 2020/21 Vakcode WBPH002-10 Vaknaam Thermal Physics Niveau(s) bachelor Voertaal Engels Periode semester I ECTS 10 Rooster rooster.rug.nl

Uitgebreide vaknaam Thermal Physics
Leerdoelen Upon completion of this course, the student is able to:
1.derive and apply thermodynamics in the framework of statistical physics;
2.solve simple statistical physics problems using the microcanonical, canonical and grand canonical ensemble;
3.derive expressions for the density of states, partition function, mean occupation numbers and the thermodynamics for a classical and quantum mechanical particle system;
4.analyse and solve more complex problems concerning the application of the theory (phase equilibrium, heat conduction in solids, classical gas, photon gas, quantum gas).
5.anticipate and check solutions to problems using e.g. symmetry and limiting case arguments;
6.be critical about the presented material and to pose relevant questions during lectures and study groups.
Omschrijving The objective of the course is to provide an introduction in thermodynamics and statistical physics. The course starts with the basic concepts of heat, probability, micro and macrostates, temperature and an early introduction of the Boltzmann factor. Thereafter the kinetic theory of gasses is studied. The thermodynamics part of the course is then completed with the first, second and third law and their applications. In the statistical physics part the entropy concept is used to link the microscopic properties of matter (motion of atoms and molecules) and the macroscopic properties of matter (laws of thermodynamics). From the fundamental postulate of statistical mechanics, probabilities are introduced in the description of particle systems using the microcanonical, canonical and grand canonical ensembles. Both classical (Boltzmann distribution) and quantum statistics (Bose-Einstein, Fermi-Dirac distributions) are treated. The theory is applied to study: ideal gases (Maxwell speed distribution), equilibrium between phases (Clausius-Clapeyron equation), heat capacity of solids (Einstein and Debije model), black body radiation (photon gas), free electrons in metals (Fermi gas) and Bose-Einstein condensation (Bose gas)
Uren per week
Onderwijsvorm Hoorcollege (LC), Werkcollege (T)
(Lectures: 64 hours, Tutorials: 64 hours, Self study: 152 hours.)
Toetsvorm Schriftelijk tentamen (WE)
(The final grade( F) of the course is calculated: 1) On basis of the Tests 1-6 F=0.1*T1+0.15*T2+0.25*T3+0.1*T4+0.15*T5+0.25*T6. 2) On basis of the Re-exam (R): F=R)
Vaksoort bachelor
Coördinator dr. E.R. van der Graaf
Docent(en) dr. T.A. Schlathölter ,dr. E.R. van der Graaf
Verplichte literatuur
Titel Auteur ISBN Prijs
Concepts in Thermal Physics (2010, 2ed) Concepts in Thermal Physics (2010, 2ed) 978-0-19-956210-7
Entreevoorwaarden The course unit assumes some elementary knowledge of classical and quantum mechanics. The course unit is compulsory for the bachelor degree programmes physics, technical physics and astronomy and for the combined bachelor degree programme physics and mathematics.
Opmerkingen

This course was registered last year with course code WBPH19001
Opgenomen in
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