Quantum Chemistry
Faculteit  Science and Engineering 
Jaar  2022/23 
Vakcode  WBCH02905 
Vaknaam  Quantum Chemistry 
Niveau(s)  bachelor 
Voertaal  Engels 
Periode  semester II a 
ECTS  5 
Rooster  rooster.rug.nl 
Uitgebreide vaknaam  Quantum Chemistry  
Leerdoelen  At the end of the course, the student is able to: 1. use the basics of quantum mechanics and is able to formulate the implications of quantum mechanics for chemical problems. 2. order symmetry operations into classes, to construct multiplication tables, to use character tables and to construct symmetry adapted functions. 3. predict the orbital structure of atoms and to construct antisymmetric manyelectron wavefunctions by making use of the orbital approximation. 4. construct MO schemes for diatomic and polyatomic molecules and to correlate bond strength, bond length, dissociation energies with the MO scheme. He/she is able to predict occurrence and direction of molecular dipole moments. 5. formulate (and solve) appropriate secular equations and to perform Hückel calculations for conjugated hydrocarbon systems, with and without using the molecular symmetry. Based on the outcomes he/she can also estimate atomic charges and bondorders. 6. correlate chemical and physical properties with position, shape and symmetry of the frontier molecular orbitals. 7. compute the electronic structure of atoms and molecules using HartreeFock theory and Density Functional Theory, with the computer package Hyperchem and he/she is aware of the possibilities and limitations of these methods. 8. construct VB structures describing chemical bonds using VB theory and he/she can reproduce the sp and sp3 hybrids for atomic carbon. 

Omschrijving  • Concise repetition of the principles of quantum mechanics • Molecular symmetry and its relevance for chemistry • The electronic structure of oneelectron atoms and manyelectron atoms • The orbital approximation, electron spin, the Pauli principle • Methods of approximation: variation theory, the secular equations • The electronic structure of diatomic and polyatomic molecules, the BornOppenheimer approximation • Approximate manyelectron wavefunctions: the independent particle approximation the MOLCAO method, delocalized and localized molecular orbitals • Qualitative electronic structure method based on the MOLCAO method: Hückel theory • HartreeFock theory, Density Functional Theory and their limitations • Valence Bond theory • HartreeFock theory, Density Functional Theory and their limitations • Valence Bond theory 

Uren per week  
Onderwijsvorm 
Hoorcollege (LC), Practisch werk (PRC), Werkcollege (T)
(Workload: Self study 89 hrs, Lecture 27 hrs, Tutorial 16 hrs, Practical 8 hrs) 

Toetsvorm 
Practisch werk (PR), Schriftelijk tentamen (WE)
(final mark: Written exam 1: 55%. Written exam 2: 25%, Practical work: 20%. See remarks.) 

Vaksoort  bachelor  
Coördinator  dr. R.W.A. Havenith  
Docent(en)  dr. R.W.A. Havenith ,Dr. J.E.M.N. Klein  
Verplichte literatuur 


Entreevoorwaarden  The course unit assumes prior knowledge acquired from Calculus I, Molecules: Structure, Reactivity, and Function, Inorganic Chemistry, all from the Chemistry Bachelor program. The course unit is often followed by Materials Design: Theoretical Methods, Chemistry Bachelor programme, track Smart Materials in which the learning objectives attained are required as prior knowledge. 

Opmerkingen  The final mark is the maximum of (0.55* WrittenExam+ 0.25*ProExamination+ 0.20*PracticumReport) and (0.80*WrittenExam + 0.20*PracticumRep) Mark for computer practicum has to be > 5.5, mark for WrittenExam has to be >5.0, final mark to pass the course > 5.5 The practicum is mandatory; without the practicum, the course cannot be passed. 

Opgenomen in 
