Structural Probes for Solid Materials

Faculteit Science and Engineering
Jaar 2022/23
Vakcode WBCH007-05
Vaknaam Structural Probes for Solid Materials
Niveau(s) bachelor
Voertaal Engels
Periode semester I a
ECTS 5
Rooster rooster.rug.nl

Uitgebreide vaknaam Structural Probes for Solid Materials
Leerdoelen At the end of the course, the student is able to:
1.
analyse the symmetry of simple crystal structures (level of attainment 4)
2.

describe the physical interaction of X-rays and neutrons with solid materials (level of attainment 1)
3.
explain how crystal structures can be investigated using X-ray and neutron scattering techniques (level of attainment 2)
4.
perform X-ray diffraction experiments to solve crystal structures of simple inorganic materials (level of attainment 3, 4)
Omschrijving The course will cover the following aspects:

1. Characteristics of the crystal structures of solid materials, with an emphasis on symmetry: point groups and space groups. Common types of crystal structures found in inorganic materials will be reviewed.
2. The physical interaction of X-rays and neutrons with matter. How radiation is produced and manipulated in synchrotron X-ray and neutron scattering facilities.
3. Laboratory-based X-ray diffraction techniques for investigating crystal structures. Methods of probing the crystal structures of single-crystal, powder and thin-film samples.
4. Synchrotron X-ray scattering – a rapidly developing field with a wide range of experimental methods and applications. This part of the course will address experiments that cannot usually be done in a normal lab setting- not only diffraction, but also X-ray spectroscopy and imaging techniques.
5. Neutron scattering – provides structural information that is often complementary to X-ray scattering. Neutrons are especially useful for investigating the ordered arrangements of spins in crystals (magnetic structure).
Uren per week
Onderwijsvorm Hoorcollege (LC), Practisch werk (PRC), Werkcollege (T)
(Total hours: Lectures 22 hrs, Tutorials 14 hrs, Practicals 2 hrs, Computer practicals 2 hrs, Self study 100 hrs)
Toetsvorm Practisch werk (PR), Schriftelijk tentamen (WE)
(Written exam 100%. The exam will contain a list of questions arranged in a framework consistent with the learning objectives. The number of marks that each (sub)question is worth will be made clear to the students.)
Vaksoort bachelor
Coördinator Dr. G.R. Blake
Docent(en) Dr. G.R. Blake ,Prof. Dr. B. Noheda
Verplichte literatuur
Titel Auteur ISBN Prijs
The Basics of Crystallography and Diffraction, 4th Edition, 2015 C. Hammond 9780198738688
Entreevoorwaarden The course unit assumes prior knowledge acquired from Maths for Chemistry and Engineering (BSc Chemistry year 1) and Physical Properties of Materials 1 (BSc Chemistry year 2).
Opmerkingen As this course unit is an elective in both BSc Chemistry and BSc Chemical Engineering, the learning objectives are not considered prior knowledge for any later course. However, the course unit helps to prepare students for the units "Materials Design: Experiment" (BSc Chemistry), the Bachelor Research project (BSc Chemistry), "Structure at Macro, Meso and Nano Scale" (MSc Chemistry, Advanced Materials), and "Characterisation of Materials" (MSc Chemistry, Advanced Materials).

The students need to score 55% or more of the total points available in the exam. The percentage score will be divided by 10 and rounded to the nearest 0.5 to obtain the final mark. If the final mark is 5.5, this will be rounded up to 6.0, which is the pass mark. The practical will not be graded, but active participation is necessary to pass the course.

The students need to attend both parts of the practical (lab and computer) and actively participate in order to pass.
Opgenomen in
Opleiding Jaar Periode Type
BSc Chemical Engineering 3 semester I a keuze
BSc Chemistry  (Core programme ) 3 semester I a keuze
BSc Courses for Exchange Students: Chemistry - Chemical Engineering - semester I a