Skip to ContentSkip to Navigation
About usNews and EventsNews articles

Entrepreneurship and bribery in Vietnam, a transition economy

19 September 2012

Firm-level causes and consequences of bribery remain an underexplored area of research in general and for transition economies in particular. In the context of Vietnam, the thesis of Tu Phan offers three main insights that enable to understand why some firms more than others are involved in bribery, and how this may be related to their performance.

First, Phan shows that both internal forces (such as firm age) and external forces (such as competition) determine the likelihood of bribery. Second, this study reveals that particular characteristics of an entrepreneur’s personal network determines bribery incidence. More in particular, strong ties with local government officials may increase bribery and strong ties with central government officials may decrease bribery. Third, evidence is provided that the relationship between bribery and firm performance is complex and can best be represented as an inverted U-shaped relationship.

This implies that relatively small bribes increase firm performance, whereas larger bribes have negative effects. Understanding the firm-specific dimensions of bribery is important as guidance for developing government policies that aim to reduce bribery in transition economies. Entrepreneurs may view bribes as an investment needed to operate successfully in institutionally weak economies. At the macro level may crowd out alternative investments and erode incentives. To limit corruption, governments should aim to improve the institutional environment in general and the local government quality in particular.


Curriculum vitae
Phan Anh Tú (Vietnam, 1978) graduated in 2007 in International Economics and Business in Groningen. He conducted his research at the FEB and will be awarded his PhD on 20 September (2.30pm). Thesis supervisor is prof.dr. Hans van Ees, and the thesis title: Entrepreneurship and bribery in a transition economy. Theory and firm-level evidence in Vietnam.

Last modified:19 July 2017 2.15 p.m.

More news