PhD ceremony: T.P. Marguery, 16.15 uur uur, Academiegebouw, Broerstraat 5, Groningen
Thesis: Towards unity of public prosecutors in Europe? A historic analysis in the Czech Republic, France, the Netherlands and Poland
Promotor(s): prof. G. Knigge, prof. E. Stamhuis
Public Prosecution Service in four countries compared
The Public Prosecution Service (PPS), which was created in France at the time of the Ancien Regime, has been transplanted in various forms into the judicial systems of the majority EU member states. Its main role consists in conducting criminal enquiries and prosecuting criminals before the courts. Tony Marguery compared the current organisation and functions of the prosecution services in The Netherlands, France, Poland and the Czech Republic.
Even if the public prosecution services in the four continental law systems studied have the same root, its transplantation into different legal cultures and the unique historical developments have led to different developments and specific characteristics. Comparison reveals multiple areas of similarity between the four prosecution authorities. However, these should not be viewed as European standards given the limited scope (four of twenty-seven countries) of this study. Although it is currently impossible to say what should be constant across all Member States, it is possible to say where systems converge and where variations are possible. Marguery establishes the existence of twelve points where PPSs converge. Finally, he shows that within these points of convergence a broad diversity between the organisation and functioning of the public prosecution services in the European Union cannot be ignored.
However, this diversity cannot go beyond certain limits.
Many major Dutch companies publish extensive information about climate impact in their annual reports. However, very few companies provide concrete, detailed information about their own CO2 emissions, the impact of climate change on their business...
Socioloog Paulien de Winter keek naar de praktijk bij uitvoeringsinstanties als het UWV en het verschil met wat de wet voorschrijft. Ze pleit voor meer ruimte. „Medewerkers weten heel goed hoe ze mensen aan het werk moeten krijgen.”
Wie een WW-uitkering ontvangt van het UWV of bijstand krijgt van de gemeente, wordt onderworpen aan een streng regime van plichten. Politici hebben strikte regels opgesteld om fraude tegen te gaan. Maar leidt die strenge aanpak ook tot brave burgers?...