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OnderwijsOpleidingenMaster en PhD opleidingenArcheologieClassical and Mediterranean Archaeology
Header image Classical and Mediterranean Archaeology

Classical and Mediterranean Archaeology


The job opportunities for archaeologists in Europe are good. Because of the Valleta Treaty, all spatial planning projects have to take archaeological heritage into account. This has increased the work possibilities at consultancy and governmental agencies. It is also possible to find a position in the museum world or become an academic researcher.

Thanks to the Valetta Treaty on Archaeology, the job market in the Netherlands is strong. Job opportunities have now broadened, leading to a more diverse job market, within government and semi-government agencies, tourism, journalism and private enterprises. Archaeology is traditionally strong in obtaining grants for research projects, especially PhD projects.

  • Testimonial van

    PhD student in Italian Archaeology at the University of Groningen

    I had my sights set on a career as a researcher, so I applied for the Master's track in Classical and Mediterranean Archaeology. This programme enabled me to delve more deeply into the subjects that interested me, in particular the Iron Age in central Italy. During my studies I not only learnt to write academic articles, I also gained a lot of practical experience.

    The programme offered lots of freedom, enabling me to explore various options both in the Netherlands and abroad. For example, I spent six months studying in Pisa, and I worked in Greece and Italy. Once I had completed my degree in Archaeology I started looking for a job in the Netherlands.

    Unfortunately there were no suitable research positions available at the time, and commercial archaeology turned out not to be my thing. I stumbled upon the IT sector and spent five years working my way up to become a technical team leader. But archaeology always stayed in the back of my mind. In 2011 I found a job as researcher at the University of Groningen – a bit like coming home.

  • Opleidingsvideo

    Exhibition 'Uncovered stories' at the University Museum (Groningen)

    – Opleidingsvideo
  • Testimonial van Student Sander Berendsen

    Many people are interested in our past and archaeology can help us feed this curiosity

    Students of Archaeology choose a track in one of two specific fields of study: Classical and Mediterranean Archaeology, or Prehistory and Protohistory of Northwest Europe, which focuses more on the archaeology of the Netherlands in relation to the wider European context.

    I chose the former because I wanted bridge the gap between the two and study Mediterranean Archaeology not just in the Southern European setting usually preferred by scholars in this field, but also in its provincial, Dutch setting. After all, the Roman Empire stretched not only from Alexandria and Constantinople to Rome but also to the little country that we now call the Netherlands.

    The Master's track in Classical and Mediterranean Archaeology allowed me a great deal of freedom to pursue this avenue of research: many course units and programmes are designed so that students can follow their own interests within the broad field of Mediterranean Archaeology.

    One course unit taken by every Master's student is 'Archaeology of Today', which pushes students to think in new and different ways about the role of archaeology in Dutch and European society. Examining the political relevance of archaeology and public awareness of it (through museums, for example) was very thought-provoking. Considering how Mediterranean and Dutch archaeology could be useful in real life made us go beyond writing academic papers to address how archaeology can be relevant in European and Dutch society today.

    After this Master's track, I hope to start working with the public in a museum where new research and the beautiful remains of our past are accessible to everyone. Many people are interested in our past and archaeology can help us feed this curiosity. By making the past tangible and human, everybody can see and experience how things used to be and where we come from.

    – Student Sander Berendsen
  • Testimonial van
  • Testimonial van Daniel Scheeringa

    "The education provided at the RUG is very personal, as classes and groups are often quite small."

    In Groningen you can choose between two archeology masters: Pre and Protohistory of Northwest Europe and Classical and Mediterranean Archeology (KMA). I chose KMA, mainly due to my interest in city and state formation and the related processes. Since the basis of these processes lie, in the case of the Netherlands, in the Mediterranean area, this programme has been perfect for expanding my knowledge on these subjects. The KMA program has been excellent so far, exceeding my initial expectations.

    You have about two to three courses per semester, nothing too excessive. However, the rest of your time is filled with self-study, such as reading and working on essays. In addition to this, it is recommended that you attend an internship to become connected and orientated within the field. The programme requires a high level of independence and dedication to handle the large amount of self-study.

    Electing to do my Master’s at the RUG was not a difficult choice. The education provided at the RUG is very personal, as classes and groups are often quite small. Also, the connection between the programme and the Groninger Institute for Archeology ensures that the lines in research projects are very short! I highly recommend this programme at the RUG to anyone who is interested in archeology!

    – Daniel Scheeringa
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