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Apart from physical limitations, there are also some choices made at the design stage which can place its limits on the operating diagramme:

  • The RF system has a minimum and maximum frequency:. fmin < f / h < fmax
  • At low fields, resonant instabilities start to occur, B > Bmin
  • For some beams, the maximum dee voltage can be lower than optimal For a given harmonic mode, Vdee ~ B0 2   and Vdee ~ Z/A.
  • The maximum injection voltage produced by the ion source can limit operation. Vinj ~ B0 2 ,  Vinj ~ rinj , and Vinj ~ Z/A.
Last modified:22 January 2019 10.40 a.m.