The Dutch Manscape: Dutch Water Management at Work
The timetable of this excursion is approximately:
- 8:30 - Depart from Stationsweg, Groningen (bus strip near bridge to Groningen Museum). Drive through rural areas to the Northwest of the City of Groningen.
- 9.30 - Arrive at Lauwersoog in the Lauwersmeer; coffee stop.
- 10:30 - Site visit "Hegebeintum", the country's highest remaining 'terp' (man made elevation) in the Province of Friesland.
- 12:00 - Site visit to the "Monument", located on the "Afsluitdijk" (Enclosure Dam).
- 13:00 - Drive through the "Wieringermeerpolder", an area reclaimed from the sea in the late 1920s.
- 14:00 - Arrive at the pittoresque harbour town of Volendam, now a 'hot spot' for tourists. Short walking tour and (late) lunch opportunity.
- 16:00 - Drive through the Province of Flevoland, reclaimed from the former "Zuyder Sea" between the late 1930s and late 1960s.
- 16:30 - Drive along the "Oostvaarderplassen". Once the sea, then reclaimed and zoned as an industrial site, now a nature preservation area.
- 17:00 - Drive through the city of Lelystad, unique city design on the bottom of the former sea.
- 18:00 - Short visit to the former island of "Schokland", abandoned in the mid 1800s, resurfaced when the surrounding sea was transformed into land (reclamation).
- 18:30 - Short stop in village of Rutten, one of the settlements illustrating the application of Christaller's "Central Place Theory" principles.
- 19:30 - Back in Groningen.
Excursion Highlights (selection)
- Hegebeintum - splendid example of 'terps', man-made elevations in the landscape, built until the year 1100, to protect people and cattle from high sea water levels.
- Afsluitdijk (Enclosure Dam) - 33 kilometre (20 mile) long dam between the Province of Friesland and the Province of North-Holland, cutting off the former "Zuyder Sea" from the "North Sea". Built (1927-1932) to protect the low-lying areas along the former "Zuyder Sea" from the threat of sea floodings.
- Wieringermeerpolder - the first large-scale land reclamation of the "Zuyder Sea" project, reclaimed in the late 1920s, in order to create more agricultural land.
- Volendam - former bustling harbour town located at the "Zuyder Sea". Now a major tourist attraction. Unique street design and house styles.
- Flevoland - the 12th Province of the Netherlands, completely below sea level as it consists of lands reclaimed from the former "Zuyder Sea". Home to the booming city of Almere, the fastest growing city in Europe. Reflects dramatically changed settlement planning insights, in response to changes in society (e.g., capital intensification of agriculture, switch from bicycle as predominant mode of transport to private automobile). Includes "Oostvaarderplassen" nature preservation area.
- Lelystad - capital city of Flevoland, designed to accommodate 100,000+ residents, but for a long time stagnated at 60,000 population level.
- Schokland - the 'island that sank into the sea', and, by order of the national government, was abandoned in the 1850s. Resurfaced early 1940s when this part of the Province of Flevoland was reclaimed from the sea. First entry on UNESCO's World Heritage List.
|Laatst gewijzigd:||23 oktober 2012 15:35|