History of Philosophy I: From Plato to Kant
Progress code: FI170GES1 / ECTS: 5
This course unit serves as an introduction to a few of the philosophical giants on whose shoulders we stand. We start with Classical Antiquity, when the Presocratics, Socrates, Plato and Aristotle first systematically questioned knowledge, language and science, the good life, politics and many other subjects. Their thinking became a basis for medieval masters such as Thomas Aquinas and William of Ockham, who created or questioned the synthesis between the Christian faith and classical philosophy. At the start of the modern era, Descartes took charge of the philosophical agenda with his ‘I think, therefore I am’ supposition, after which a long list of thinkers helped to shape modern philosophy and today’s scientific view of the world: among others Locke and Hume. We finish with Kant, whose work shook the foundations of the philosophical landscape by claiming that man alone is responsible for creating order in the natural world.
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