What is a 'flipped classroom'?
Flipping the classroom occurs when the transfer of theoretical information from teacher to student (‘lecturing’) is taken out of the classroom/lectures and presented as material to study before the lecture. The lecture itself is then used to discuss important questions about the material, and assess the student’s level of understanding. These discussions can take place between teacher and students, but also (and often so in large groups) through peer discussion, where students discuss a question among each other and then provide the teacher their conclusion(s) by answering questions through an online voting tool or back channel (for instance twitter). These answers provide teachers with information which topics students understand well and what they find more difficult, needing more explanation.
One of the pioneers and early adopters of this method is Eric Mazur ( 1993; Peer Instruction: A User's Manual. Upper Saddle River, NJ:Prentice Hall. ), who searched for a method to activate his students and help them get a deeper understanding of what they are learning. He found that traditional lecturing quickly leads to passive students, while using peer instruction and the flipped classroom model helped students gain a deeper understanding.
Flipped Classroom requires a high level of participation of students, both in preparation and during class, but also requires a higher level of flexibility from teachers, since most of their lectures will be made up of assessing and addressing student’s needs and level of understanding providing extra support and explanation where needed. There are however many forms of implementing flipped classroom in courses. Some teachers change each lecture to the flipped classroom format while others find it more useful to only run a few of their lectures in a flipped format (“partial flip”), and teach the other lectures in a more traditional way, or even switching from a traditional to a flipped format within the same lecture. Which form of flipped classroom to use depends on the course being taught, what outcomes are required and what fits each teacher best.
|Last modified:||05 October 2015 3.46 p.m.|