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Inter-level relations in computer science, biology, and psychology

Boogerd, F., Bruggeman, F., Jonker, C., Looren de Jong, H., Tamminga, A., Treur, J., Westerhoff, H. & Wijngaards, W. 2002 In : Philosophical Psychology. 15, 4, p. 463-471 9 p.

Research output: Scientific - peer-reviewArticle



  • Fred Boogerd
  • Frank Bruggeman
  • Catholijn Jonker
  • Huib Looren de Jong
  • Allard Tamminga
  • Jan Treur
  • Hans Westerhoff
  • Wouter Wijngaards
Investigations into inter-level relations in computer science, biology and psychology call for an *empirical* turn in the philosophy of mind. Rather than concentrate on *a priori* discussions of inter-level relations between “completed” sciences, a case is made for the actual study of the way inter-level relations grow out of the developing sciences. Thus, philosophical inquiries will be made more relevant to the sciences, and, more importantly, philosophical accounts of inter-level relations will be testable by confronting them with what really happens in science. Hence, close observation of the ever-changing reduction relations in the developing sciences, and revision of philosophical positions based on these empirical observations, may, in the long run, be more conducive to an adequate understanding of inter-level relations than a traditional *a priori* approach.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)463-471
Number of pages9
JournalPhilosophical Psychology
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2002

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