Data Augmentation for Plant Classification

Pawara, P., Okafor, E., Schomaker, L. & Wiering, M. 18-Sep-2017 Advanced Concepts for Intelligent Vision Systems (Acivs 2017). 12 p. 112

Research output: Scientific - peer-reviewConference contribution


  • Paper 112: Data Augmentation for Plant Classification

    Final publisher's version, 697 KB, PDF-document

Data augmentation plays a crucial role in increasing the number of training images, which often aids to improve classification performances of deep learning techniques for computer vision problems. In this paper, we employ the deep learning framework and determine the effects of several data-augmentation (DA) techniques for plant classification problems. For this, we use two convolutional neural network (CNN) architectures, AlexNet and GoogleNet trained from scratch or using pre-trained weights. These CNN models are then trained and tested on both original and data-augmented image datasets for three plant classification problems: Folio, AgrilPlant, and the Swedish leaf dataset. We evaluate the utility of six individual DA techniques (rotation, blur, contrast, scaling, illumination, and projective transformation) and several combinations of these techniques, resulting in a total of 12 data-augmentation methods. The results show that the CNN methods with particular data-augmented datasets yield the highest accuracies, which also surpass previous results on the three datasets. Furthermore, the CNN models trained from scratch profit a lot from data augmentation, whereas the fine-tuned CNN models do not really profit from data augmentation. Finally, we observed that data-augmentation using combinations of rotation and different illuminations or different contrasts helped most for getting high performances with the scratch CNN models.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAdvanced Concepts for Intelligent Vision Systems (Acivs 2017)
Number of pages12
StatePublished - 18-Sep-2017


  • Plant Classification, Data Augmentation, Deep Convolutional Neural Networks

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