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Influence of dose reduction and iterative reconstruction on CT calcium scores: a multi-manufacturer dynamic phantom study

van der Werf, N. R., Willemink, M. J., Willems, T. P., Greuter, M. J. W. & Leiner, T. 19-Jan-2017 In : INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CARDIOVASCULAR IMAGING. 16 p.

Research output: Scientific - peer-reviewArticle

To evaluate the influence of dose reduction in combination with iterative reconstruction (IR) on coronary calcium scores (CCS) in a dynamic phantom on state-of-the-art CT systems from different manufacturers. Calcified inserts in an anthropomorphic chest phantom were translated at 20 mm/s corresponding to heart rates between 60 and 75 bpm. The inserts were scanned five times with routinely used CCS protocols at reference dose and 40 and 80% dose reduction on four high-end CT systems. Filtered back projection (FBP) and increasing levels of IR were applied. Noise levels were determined. CCS, quantified as Agatston and mass scores, were compared to physical mass and scores at FBP reference dose. For the reference dose in combination with FBP, noise level variation between CT systems was less than 18%. Decreasing dose almost always resulted in increased CCS, while at increased levels of IR, CCS decreased again. The influence of IR on CCS was smaller than the influence of dose reduction. At reference dose, physical mass was underestimated 3-30%. All CT systems showed similar CCS at 40% dose reduction in combinations with specific reconstructions. For some CT systems CCS was not affected at 80% dose reduction, in combination with IR. This multivendor study showed that radiation dose reductions of 40% did not influence CCS in a dynamic phantom using state-of-the-art CT systems in combination with specific reconstruction settings. Dose reduction resulted in increased noise and consequently increased CCS, whereas increased IR resulted in decreased CCS.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages16
JournalINTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CARDIOVASCULAR IMAGING
StatePublished - 19-Jan-2017

Keywords

  • Computed Tomography, Coronary calcium, calcium score, low dose CT, Iterative, Reconstruction CT

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